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Japan

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/                              Mt. Fuji Japan Monthly web magazine

the-world-factbook/geos/ja.html

Official Name: N/A

Government Type: Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy

Capital: Tokyo

Population: 126 702 133 (July 2016)

Total Area: 377 915 sq km

GDP: $4.94 Trillion (2016)





Japanpedia.asia

Brief History

Japan is an island country with 5 main divisions of Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Japanese history dates back more than 100, 000 years with multiple different periods or eras. One of the most characteristic era’s is the Edo era, (1603 to 1867) when the nation's dominance system was taken by samurai. In the 17th century, a foreign policy called restrictive policy (sakoku seisaku in Japanese), which placed extensive restrictions on foreign trade and immigration was implemented by the ruling party. This impacted and shaped the future of Japan greatly. It was not until the arrival of Perry in the mid 1800’s that Japan would open up to trade with the western world once again. In the last century, Japan also participated in two world wars and during the Second World War, the drop of the atomic bomb on two Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki marked the end of the Pacific War. Since then, Japan has seen rapid economic growth and has become the third largest economy in the world. Internationally, Japan has also been involved in different organizations, and as a developed nation, the country has implemented projects and donated large amounts of financial aid to support the development of other nations.

Language
The Japanese Language known as Nihongo is the national language of Japan. It has had great influence from China, using similar characters (albeit with different pronunciation and uses) and more recently Japanese words have come to use English loanwords. Japanese has many dialects but standard Japanese has become prevalent nationwide due to mass media and education.
Hello: Konnichiwa
Thank you very much: Arigatougozaimasu
You’re welcome: Douitashimashite
Tasty: Oishii
My name is xx: Watashi no namae wa xx

Culture
Japan has many cultural events throughout the year. Some examples include the new years celebration called “Oshougatsu” that is celebrated by the gathering of family, “Hinamatsuri” which prays for the health and growth of the children (but known to be an event for girls, the same event for boys is called “Tango no sekku”), and the watching of the moon or cherry blossom with friends known as “tsukimi” and “hanami” respectively. Traditions for these events differ from region to region but throughout the nation the traditions are respected whilst at the same time adapting to the changing society. More recently, Japanese subculture have become a trend both within Japan and worldwide. Japanese animation such as Ghibli and mangas such as Dragonball and One Piece have garnered much popularity overseas with the rise of the internet and mass media.

正式名称:日本
政体:立憲君主制、議院内閣制
首都:東京
人口:約1億2670万人(2016年7月現在)
面積:約37万平方キロメートル
GDP:約5兆米ドル(2016年)

歴史
日本は、北海道、本州、四国、九州、沖縄と5つの島を中心に成り立っている島国です。日本の起源は、遡ること紀元前1万年以上前、縄文時代から始まります。特長的な時代として挙げられるのは、1603年から1867年にかけて、武士による全国支配体制がとられた江戸時代です。17世紀には、鎖国政策と呼ばれる、海外との貿易や出入国制限する対外政策がとられました。20世紀はじめから半ばにかけては、日本も二度の世界大戦に参加しました。1945年8月、広島と長崎に原爆が投下され、その後日本が降伏し、第二次世界大戦は終わりを迎えました。戦後は、東京オリンピックやIMF8条国への移行を経て、急激な経済成長を遂げ、今では世界で3番目の経済大国となっています。また、戦後50年以上にわたって取り組んでいる日本政府によるODAは、開発途上国の経済・社会開発に大きく貢献し、高い評価を受けています。

文化
日本には、たくさんの年中行事があります。代表的なものとして、家族や親戚が集まって新年の始まりを祝う「お正月」、子どもたちの健やかな成長を祈る「ひな祭り」・「端午の節句」、美しい桜や月を眺めながら友人らと楽しい時間を過ごす「花見」「月見」などが挙げられます。伝統的な祝い方を守りながら、時代とともに少しずつ変化したり、それぞれの地域独自の祝い方を大切にしたりするのが、ユニークな点の1つです。また最近では、日本のアニメや漫画などのサブカルチャーの人気が高まっています。ジブリ映画で知られる宮崎駿監督の作品や、ワンピースやドラゴンボールをはじめとする日本の漫画は、世界中人々から、人気を博しています。

Works Cited
広瀬直子『1分間英語で日本のことを話す』(中京出版、2013年)

http://data.worldbank.org/?locations=LA-JP

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ja.html

Last Updated ( Monday, 07 August 2017 01:40 )  
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